Questioners, meet the Answerers! We've dedicated this site to the eradication of wondering, second-guessing, and general puzzlement when it comes to chlamydia and gonorrhea. It's not a popular subject, but talking about sexual infections is the best way to prevent them. The more you know about the diseases - the risks, the symptoms, the prevention — the better you'll know how to avoid encountering one. Well, what are you waiting for?
Can you tell an STD from a cheeseburger? Oh really?
The more information you have, the better. See what other people have to say about chlamydia and gonorrhea, or just fill up on facts.
Chlamydia and gonorrhea can be diagnosed by testing urine or swab specimens collected from the site(s) of the body at risk for infection. When being tested for chlamydia and gonorrhea, individuals should tell the health care professional the areas at risk for infection so that proper tests are performed for more accurate results. A urine test will not detect a vaginal, cervical, anal, or pharyngeal (throat) infection.
Confidential testing is provided by private physicians and is available at most local health departments in Utah; tests are then sent to laboratories for processing. If a person is diagnosed with chlamydia and/or gonorrhea they should also get tested for other STDs; one urine sample or swab specimen can be tested for both chlamydia and gonorrhea.
Screening for Women
Women can provide a urine sample to be tested for a urethral (urine canal) infection of chlamydia and/or gonorrhea, but a urine test only detects urethral infections. Women who have a vaginal, cervical, anal, or pharyngeal (throat) infection will receive a negative urine test result. Urine must pass over the site of infection in order for bacteria to be detectable in the specimen and give a positive test result; it does not pass over the vagina during urination.
Swab specimens can be collected from the vagina, cervix, anus, and pharynx (throat) of women. Swabbing areas of the body at risk for infection provides more comprehensive information, especially for women, since they have more areas anatomically at risk. Sexually active women should ask their health care provider to test their pap smears for STDs. All sexually active women at increased risk are encouraged to get tested, including those who are pregnant. All pregnant women should be screened for STDs at their first prenatal visit.
Women should be tested for chlamydia and gonorrhea at least once a year if:
Screening for Men
Men can provide a urine sample to be tested for a urethral infection of chlamydia and/or gonorrhea. In men the urethra serves as the passageway for both urinary and reproductive tracts; therefore, a urine test is adequate when the urethra is the only site at risk for infection. Receiving a negative urine test result simply means that there is no chlamydial or gonorrheal infection in the urethra.
Swab specimens for men can be collected from the urethra, anus, and pharynx (throat). Testing all areas of the body at risk for infection provides the most comprehensive information.
Test results are usually available 7 to 10 days following the screening; this is dependent upon when the sample was sent and when it arrived at the laboratory. Individuals should call the health care professional if symptoms appear or worsen during that time period; treatment will usually be started before the test confirms a chlamydial and/or gonorrheal infection.
Both men and women should see a health care professional if their partner has a sexually transmitted disease or symptoms that might indicate a sexually transmitted disease.